(1) A manuscript shall be prepared by the Word processing software, written horizontally, double spaced (28 lines per page, 10 to 15 words per line), in one-column on A4-size paper.
(2) The upper, lower, left and right margins shall be 25mm each.
(3) Unless otherwise instructed, the font shall be Times New Roman, 11pt.
(4) A page number shall be inserted in the lower margin of the page. Line numbers shall be inserted in the left margin of the page.
(1) Page 1
A title (a subtitle, if any, shall be added after the main title by inserting a colon), an abstract (about 150 words for an accurate summary of the contents of the manuscript, including its problems, methodologies and conclusion, but not including citation of references), and key words (up to five) shall be included. Do not include the name and affiliation of the author.
(2) Page 2 and after
Write the contents in the order of main text, bibliography and figures/tables.
- Length of manuscript at the time of initial submission (including figures/tables)
Articles shall be no more than 40 pages in accordance with the format prescribed in Article 4, paragraph (1).
Headings such as sections, subsections and paragraphs shall be written in Times New Roman, 11pt, bold style. The numbers used for the headings shall be as follows:
Section: 1. 2. …
Subsection: 1) 2) …
Paragraph: (1) (2) …
Notes in the main text shall be described in the footnotes. In the main text, a footnote number with an ending parenthesis shall be inserted in superscript. For example, footnote No. 1 shall be indicated as “1)”. In the footnote, a number without a superscript, for example, “1),” shall be used.
- Citation of references
For citing literature in the main text, footnotes and figures/tables, the published year (western calendar) shall be indicated in parentheses after the family name of the author. If there are two authors, use “and” between their family names. If there are three or more authors, indicate only the first author’s family name, and omit the other authors’ names by indicating “et al.” The same shall apply to citations from the author’s own literature. If there are two or more sources written by the same author(s) and published in the same year, such sources shall be distinguished by adding “a, b, c….” after the published years. The citation of a part of the contents of literature shall be made in accordance with the following example.
Example: “･･･ affected” (Tanaka, 2000: p.15)
Suzuki et al. (2005: p.2) argue, “･･･.”
- Indications and units
Units shall be indicated using marks, such as kg, %, m, ha. Numbers shall be indicated in accordance with the following example: 1,000,000 tons shall be indicated as 1 million tons (or 1 mil. tons), $1,000,000,000 shall be indicated as $1 billion (or $1 bil.)
- Mathematical Formulae
For mathematical formulae, serial numbers for the entire main text shall be assigned. Mathematical formulae shall be indicated in a manner so that differences, such as between scalars and vectors, or between variables and parameters, can be distinguished.
The entire bibliography shall be indicated after the heading “References.” The bibliography shall be prepared in alphabetical order by the family names of authors. If there are two or more sources written by the same author, the chronologically earlier published source shall appear first. If there are two or more sources written by the same author and published in the same year, such sources shall be distinguished by adding “a, b, c….” after the published years. The style of indication shall be as follows:
(1) Citation from journals
Kuwata, F. (2004) An Empirical Study of the GOL Model for Agricultural Products Trade, International Journal of Rural Economics 13(1): 1-11.
(2) Citation from book (single-authorship/co-authorship)
Geode, C. and T. R. Kompson (1983) Applied Production Economics: Theory and Application, APOT Press.
(3) Citation of chapter of a book (edited book)
Berogman, T. E. and W. K. Destwanger (2005) The Role of Information in Applied Consumption Analysis, in A. K. Weisman, ed., Economics of Consumer Behavior, White University Press, 111-133.
(4) Information publicized on a website (the publication year can be omitted if it is unknown)
U.S. Department of Agriculture (2014) Agricultural Act of 2014: Highlights and Implications, http://www.ers.usda.gov/agricultural-act-of-2014-highlights-and-implications.html (accessed on October 1, 2014).
Do not insert figures/tables in the main text. Each figure/table shall be prepared on one separate page. The space for inserting a figure/table shall be indicated in the right margin of the main text. Figures/tables, drawn in black and white, shall be clear and obvious, and the title shall be a precise and concrete expression of the contents. Serial numbers for figures/tables, such as “Figure 1.･･･,” “Table 1.･･･,” shall be inserted before the titles of each figure/table. The title shall be placed above the table or below the figure.
- Additional Remarks
Additional remarks may be added between the main text and bibliography if it is required to do so, or for the purpose of acknowledgement. However, no acknowledgment shall be made for the JJRE Editorial Committee, reviewers, or a direct superior in the author’s affiliation, such as the author’s supervising teacher. The additional remarks shall be inserted at the time of submission of the final manuscript.
- Publication charge
(1) The publication charge shall be free if the first and the corresponding authors of the manuscript are members of the Society.
(2) Except for the case specified in (1), the publication charge shall be 8,500 yen; provided, however, that in the case of a student who does not satisfy (1), the publication charge shall be 4,250 yen.